Mari Hakikat (Gujarati: મારી હકીકત):

the autobiography of Narmadashankar Dave



Narmadashankar Lalshankar Dave (24 August 1833 – 26 February 1886), popularly known as Narmad, was a Gujarati poet, playwright, essayist, orator, lexicographer and reformer under the British Raj. He is considered to be the founder of modern Gujarati literature. After studying in Bombay, he stopped serving as a teacher to live by writing. During his prolific career, he introduced many literary forms in Gujarati.

He faced economic struggles but proved himself as a dedicated reformer, speaking loudly against religious and social orthodoxy. His essays, poems, plays and prose were published in several collections. His Mari Hakikat, the first autobiography in Gujarati, was published posthumously. His poem Jai Jai Garavi Gujarat is now the de facto state anthem of Gujarat state of India.
Mari Hakikat (Gujarati: મારી હકીકત) is the autobiography of Narmadashankar Dave, popularly known as Narmad, a Gujarati author from Surat during 19th century India. It was the first autobiography to be written in the Gujarati language.Written in 1866, it was published posthumously in 1933 on the centenary of Narmad's birth.


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